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苏州美联英语:四六级语法复习之only的几种特殊用法

2014-12-04 15:42   类别:语法   来源:   责编:Simple

学英语如何学起在学习英语的过程中,我们常遇到only与其它词或结构搭配来表达不同的意思,现将这些用法示例为大家一一做讲解。

  一、only引导的词组或句子放在句首作状语时,通常要用倒装结构。如:

  Only in this way can you solve the problem.

  只有通过这种方式你才能解决问题。

  Only if you study hard can you pass the exam.

  只有努力学习才能通过考试。

  Only then did I realize my mistake.

  只有那时我才意识到错了。

  二、not only...(but also)出现在句首时,如果架连接的是两个句子,常用倒装。如:

  Not only did we lose all our money,but we also came close to losing our lives.

  我们不仅丢了钱,还差点把命丢了。

  Not only did he speak correctly,but he also spoke easily.

  他不仅说得准确,而且说得很轻松。

  三、only放在不定式前面,常表示不愉快或出乎人们的意料的结果。如:

  I went all the way to his home only to find hime out at a meeting.

  我径直到他家里去,不料发现他出去开会了。

  I hurried to the post office only to find it closed.

  我匆忙赶到邮局,不料已经关门了。

  She went home only to find her house burglarized.

  她回到家里,发现房子被盗了。

  四、“too...to...”结构中,表示否定意思,但在“only too...to...”结构中,only too = very,表示肯定意思。如:

  The patient is too weak to walk.

  那个病人太虚弱了,走不动。

  We are only too willing to do it for you.

  我们非常愿意为你做那事。

  I am only too delighted to accept your king invitation.

  我非常高兴地接受你的邀请。

  五、在“one of + 复数名词 + 定语从句”的结构中,定语从句一般被看作修饰复数名词,谓语要用复数形式。但在“the only one of + 复数名词 + 定语从句”的结构中,定语从句却被看作修饰“the only one”,谓语动词要用单数形式。如:

  This is one of the best novels that have been published in the past two years.

  这是近两年出版的最好的小说之一。

  He was the only one of the boys who was given a prize.

  他是这些孩子中唯一受到奖励的。

  She is the only one of the girls who has been to the US.

  她是那些女孩中唯一去过美国的。

  六、If only 为虚拟语气的一种,表示愿望或一个未实现的条件,多用于感叹句,其主句常常省略。如:

  If only she would marry me!

  她要是能和我结婚该多好!

  If only he had known about it!

  他那时要是知道这件事该多好!

  If only you could have been here earlier that day!

  要是你那天再早点到这就好了。

  If only there were forty-eighty hours in a day.

  要是一天有48个小时就好了。




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