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苏州美联英语:四六级考场写作应急方略

2014-10-31 17:09   类别:语法   来源:   责编:Simple

    苏州美联英语: 在四六级写作中,同学们往往会出现提笔忘词的现象。本来很好的构思往往被一个想不起来的单词硬生生地破坏了。如何应付这种情况使我们的写作思路如行云流水一般顺畅呢?下面三种简便易行的应急措施可能会对你有所帮助。

  一、换用笼统词

  词大体可分为两类:笼统词和具体词。笼统词的特点在于意义广泛、搭配性强。虽然它们独自不能精确表达一个动作,但在构成词组以后可替代很多具体词。写作中遇到一些具体词写不出来的时候,用笼统词取代,能收到异曲同工之妙。最常用的笼统词有 have,take等。

  例:迈克经历了一个极其艰苦的时代。Mike experienced a terrible hard time.写作时,若忘记了experience可用笼统词have代替,写成Mike had a terrible hard time.同样能收到预期效果。这样的例子还很多。如:

  Do you understand my meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir?

  I will preside over the meeting. = I will take the meeting.

  I will subscribe to the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper.

  They occupied the city. = They took the city.

  The boy resembles his father. = The boy takes after his father.

  从以上的例句不难看出,具体词音节较多,使用频率不高,容易遗忘,而笼统词则不然。因此,在作文应试中,笼统词取代具体词,不失为一种应急良策。

二、换用同义词、反义词等相关词汇

  遇到未曾学过的词或一时想不起的词时,可采用发散性思维,发挥想象力,尽可能想出与之有关的同义词、反义词,利用语言的内在联系、多层次、多角度地运用语言,使单词受阻现象得以解决。

  例:昨晚李雷做了一场恶梦。

  Li Lei had a nightmare last night.因nightmare使用率不高,不易记住。但其同义词bad dream易记。上句可换译为:Li Lei had a bad dream last night.

  再如:The food is tasty.=The food is nice toeat.=The food is delicious.

  We discontinued the work at nine.=We stopped the work at nine.

  This woman is talkative.=This woman is never quiet.

  This car is expensive.=This car is not cheap.

  另外:

  He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly.

  The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat.

  They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five.

  His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper.

  英语语言中词与词之间是有联系的,词与词之间语义的“共核”现象即所谓的同义词。丰富的同义词给我们提供了极大的方便。

  同样,用其反义词来取代某一遗忘了的词也是可行的,请看下面的例子:

He is stubborn. = He is not tame.

  The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp.

  This is expensive. = This is not cheap.

  She is talkative. = She is never quiet.

  三、换用迂回表达

  当一个词或某些信息表达起来有困难时,要充分利用语言本身词汇丰富、句型多变等特点,进行迂回表达。因为任何一种表达形式,只要能达意便可接受。英语当中多功能解释性语句,就可以起到这一作用。请看下面的句子:

  例:1.我从未见到过这样顽固的人。

  I’ve never seen such a stubborn person.=I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other’s advice.

  2.如果我们想得到文凭,我们必须首先通过考试。

  If we want to obtain a diploma,we must first pass the exams.=If we want to get a graduation paper,we must first pass the exams.

  3.工厂里的烟囱(chimney)拔地而起。

  High chimneys have appeared in the factories.=The factories are full of high chimneys.=A lot of high chimneys can be seen in the factories.

  4.他数学考试取得优异成绩,被大学录取了。

He passed the maths exam /succeeded in the maths exam and became a college student.

  5.中午我们吃了野餐。

  At noon we had a picnic.=At noon we had our lunch in the open air.

  解释性语句能帮助我们巧妙地避开一些大词,难词,又能使意思表达流畅,不失为一聪明之举。




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